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United Kingdom Protection of Animals Act 1911
and subsequent Amendments.

 

Protection of Animals Act 1911 (c.27)
Protection of Animals Act (1911) Amendment Act 1912. (c.17)
Protection of Animals Act (1911) Amendment Act 1921. (c.14)
Protection of Animals Act (Amendment Act ) 1927. (c.27)
Protection of Animals Act 1934 1934 (c.21)
Protection of Animals Act (Amendment Act ) 1954. (c.40)
Protection of Animals (Penalties) Act 1987 (c.35)
Protection of Animals Act(Amendment Act ) 1988. (c.29)
Protection against Cruel Tethering Act 1988 (c.31)
Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 2000 2000 (c.40)



Chapter 27.

An Act to consolidate, amend, and extend certain enactments relating to Animals and to Knackers: and to make further provision with respect thereto.

[18th August 1911]
Be it enacted by the King’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
Offences of cruelty.      1.- (1) If any person--
(a) shall cruelly beat, kick; ill-treat, over-ride, over-drive, over-load, torture, infuriate, or terrify any animal, or shall cause or procure, or, being the owner, permit any animal to be so used, or shall, by wantonly or unreasonably doing or omitting to do any act, or causing or procuring the commission or omission of any act, cause any unnecessary suffering, or,being the owner, permit any unnecessary suffering to be so caused to any animal; or
(b) shall convey or carry, or cause or procure, or, being the owner, permit to be conveyed or carried, any animal in such manner or position as to cause that animal any unnecessary suffering; or
(c) shall cause, procure, or assist at the fighting or baiting of any animal; of shall keep, use, manage, or act or assist in the management of, any premises or place for the purpose, or partly for the purpose, of fighting or baiting any animal, or shall permit any premises or place to be so kept, managed, or used, or shall receive, or cause or procure any person to receive, money for the admission of any person to such premises or place; or
(d) shall wilfully, without any reasonable cause or excuse, administer, or cause or procure, or being the owner permit, such administration of, any poisonous or injurious drug or substance to any anima,l, or shall wilfully, without any reasonable cause or excuse, cause any such substance to be taken by any animal; or
(e) shall subject, or cause or procure, or being the owner permit, to be subjected, any animal to any operation which is performed without due care and humanity;
such person shall be guilty of an offence of cruelty within the meaning of this Act, and shall be liable upon summary conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty-five pounds, or alternatively, or in addition thereto, to be imprisoned, with or without hard labour, for any term not exceeding six months.
           (2) For the purposes of this section, an owner shall be deemed to have permitted cruelty within the meaning of this Act if he shall have failed to exercise reasonable care and supervision in respect of the protection of the animal therefrom:
           Provided that, where an owner is convicted of permitting cruelty within the meaning of this Act by reason only of his having failed to exercise such care and supervision, he shall not be liable to imprisonment without the option of a fine.
39 & 40 Vict.c. 77.            (3). Nothing in this section shall render illegal any act lawfully done under the Cruelty to Animals Act, 1876, or shall    apply –
(a) to the commission or omission of any act in the course of the destruction, or the preparation for destruction, of any animal as food for mankind, unless such destruction or such preparation was accompanied by the infliction of unnecessary suffering; or
(b) to the coursing or hunting of any captive animal, unless such animal is liberated in an injured, mutilated, or exhausted condition; but a captive animal shall not, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be coursed or hunted before it is liberated for the purpose of being coursed or hunted, or after it has been recaptured, or if it is under control.
Power for court
to order destruction of animals
       2.- Where the owner of an animal is convicted of an offence of cruelty within the meaning of this Act, it shall be lawful for the court, if the court is satisfied that it would be cruel to keep the animal alive, to direct that the animal be destroyed, and to assign the animal to any suitable person for that purpose; and the person to whom such animal is so assigned shall, as soon as possible, destroy such animal, or cause or procure such animal to be destroyed, in his presence without unnecessary suffering. Any reasonable expenses incurred in destroying the animal may be ordered by the court to be paid by the owner, and thereupon shall be recoverable summarily as a civil debt:
     Provided that, unless the owner assent, no order shall be made under this section except upon the evidence of
a duly registered veterinary surgeon.
Power for court to deprive person convicted of cruelty of ownership of animal.       3.- If the owner of any animal shall be guilty of cruelty within the meaning of this Act to the animal, the court, upon his conviction thereof, may, if they think fit, in addition to any other punishment, deprive such person of the ownership of the animal, and may make such order as to the disposal of the animal as they think fit under the circumstances:
Provided that no order shall be made under this section, unless it is shown by evidence as to a previous conviction, or as to
the character of the owner, or otherwise, that the animal, if left with the owner, is likely to be exposed to further cruelty.
Compensation for damage done by cruelty to an animal        4.- If any person shall, by cruelty within the meaning of this Act to any animal, do or cause to be done, any damage or injury to the animal or any person or property, he shall upon conviction for the cruelty under this Act, be liable upon the application of the person aggrieved to be ordered to pay as compensation to the person who shall sustain damage or injury as aforesaid, such sum not exceeding ten pounds, as the court before whom he is convicted may consider reasonable:-
Provided that this section shall not –
(a) prevent the taking of any other legal proceedings in respect of any such damage or injury, so that a person be not twice proceeded against in respect of the same claim; nor
(b) affect the liability of any person to be proceeded against and punished under this Act for an offence of cruelty within the meaning of this Act.
Compliance by knackers with certain regulations      5.- (1) Every person who shall carry on, or assist in carrying on, the trade or business of a knacker shall observe and conform to the regulations set out in the First Schedule to this Act, and, if any person, carrying on or assisting in the carrying on of the said trade or business, contravenes or fails to comply with, or causes or procures or permits any contravention or non-compliance with, any such regulation, he shall be liable upon summary conviction to a fine not exceeding ten pounds.
           (2) Any constable shall have a right to enter any knacker’s yard at any hour by day, or at any hour when business is or apparently is in progress or is usually carried on therein, for the purpose of examining whether there is or has been any contravention of or non-compliance with the provisions of this Act, and, if any person refuses to permit any constable to enter any premises which he is entitled to enter under this section, or obstructs or impedes him in the execution of his duty under this section, he shall, upon summary conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding five pounds.
           (3) For the purposes of section one, which relates to offences of cruelty, of this Act, a knacker shall be deemed to be the owner of any animal delivered to him.
           (4) For the purposes of this Act, an animal shall be deemed to have been delivered to a knacker if it has been delivered either to the knacker himself, or to any person on his behalf, or at the knacker’s yard.
Persons licensed to slaughter horses not to be horse dealers at same time       6.- (1) It shall not be lawful for any person who shall be licensed to slaughter horses, during the time while such licence shall be in force, to carry on the trade or business of a dealer in horses.
           (2) If any person shall act in contravention of this section, he shall be liable upon summary conviction to a fine not exceeding ten pounds.
Animals in pounds       7.- (1) Any person who impounds or confines, or causes to be impounded or confined, any animal in any pound shall, while the animal is so impounded or confined, supply it with a sufficient quantity of wholesome and suitable food and water, and, if he fails to do so, he shall be liable upon summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five pounds.
           (2) If any animal is impounded or confined in any pound and is without sufficient suitable food or water for six successive hours, or longer, any person may enter the pound for the purpose of supplying the animal therewith.
      (3) The reasonable cost of the food and water supplied to any animal impounded or confined in any pound shall be recoverable summarily from the owner of the animal as a civil debt.
Poisoned grain and flesh, &c.      8.- If any person –
(a) shall sell, or offer or expose for sale, or give away, or cause or procure any person to sell or offer or expose for sale or give away, or knowingly be a party to the sale or offering or exposing for sale or giving away of any grain or seed which has been rendered poisonous except for bona fide use in agriculture; or
(b) shall knowingly put or place, or cause or procure any person to put or place, or knowingly be a party to the putting or placing,, in or upon any land or building any poison, or any fluid or edible matter (not being sown seed or grain) which has been rendered poisonous,
such person shall, upon summary conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten pounds:
      Provided that, in any proceedings under paragraph (b) of this section, it shall be a defence that the poison was placed by the accused for the purpose of destroying rats, mice, or other small vermin, and that he took all reasonable precautions to prevent access thereto of dogs, cats, fowls, or other domestic animals.
Use of dogs for purposes of draught      9.- If any person shall use, or cause or procure, or being the owner permit, to be used, any dog for the purpose of drawing or helping to draw any cart, carriage, truck, or barrow, on any public highway, he shall be liable upon summary conviction in respect of the first offence to a fine not exceeding two pounds, and in respect of the second or any subsequent offence to a fine not exceeding five pounds.
Inspection of traps      10.- Any person who sets, or causes or procures to be set, any spring trap for the purpose of catching any hare or rabbit, or which is so placed as to be likely to catch any hare or rabbit, shall inspect, or cause some competent person to inspect, the trap at reasonable intervals of time and at least once every day between sunrise and sunset, and, if any person shall fail to comply with the provisions of this section, he shall be liable, upon summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding five pounds.
Injured animals      11.- (1.) If a police constable finds any animal so diseased or so severely injured or in such a physical condition that, in his opinion, having regard to the means available for removing the animal, there is no possibility of removing it without cruelty, he shall, if the owner is absent or refuses to consent to the destruction of the animal, at once summon a duly registered veterinary surgeon, if any such veterinary surgeon resides within a reasonable distance, and, if it appears by the certificate of such veterinary surgeon that the animal is mortally injured, or so severely injured, or so diseased, or in such physical condition, that it is cruel to keep it alive, it shall be lawful for the police constable, without the consent of the owner, to slaughter the animal, or cause or procure it to be slaughtered, with such instruments or appliances, and with such precautions, and in such manner, as to inflict as little suffering as practicable, and, if the slaughter takes place on any public highway, to remove the carcass or cause or procure it to be removed therefrom.
           (2) If any veterinary surgeon summoned under this section certifies that the injured animal can without cruelty be removed, it shall be the duty of the person in charge of the animal to cause it forthwith to be removed with as little suffering as possible, and, if that person fail so to do, the police constable may, without the consent of that person, cause the animal forthwith to be so removed.
           (3) Any expense which may be reasonably incurred by any constable in carrying out the provisions of this section (including the expenses of any veterinary surgeon summoned by the constable, and whether the animal is slaughtered under this section or not) may be recovered from the owner summarily as a civil debt, and, subject thereto, any such expense shall be defrayed out of the fund from which the expenses of the police are payable in the area in which the animal is found.
           (4) For the purposes of this section, the expression " animal " means any horse, mule, ass, bull, sheep, goat, or pig.
Powers of constables.      12.- (1) A police constable may apprehend without warrant any person who he has reason to believe is guilty of an offence under this Act which is punishable by imprisonment without the option of a fine, whether upon his own view thereof or upon the complaint and information of any other person who shall declare his name and place of abode to such constable
           (2) Where a person having charge of a vehicle or animal is apprehended by a police constable for an offence under this Act, it shall be lawful for that or any other constable to take charge of such vehicle or animal, and to deposit the same in some place of safe custody until the termination of the proceedings or until the court shall direct such vehicle or animal to he delivered to the person charged or the owner, and the reasonable costs of such detention, including the reasonable costs of veterinary treatment where such treatment is required, shall, in the event of a conviction in respect of the said animal, be recoverable from the owner summarily as a civil debt, or, where the owner himself is convicted, shall be part of the costs of the case.
Employers and owners to produce drivers or animals if so required       13.- (1) Where proceedings are instituted under this Act against the driver or conductor of any vehicle, it shall be lawful for the court to issue a summons directed to the employer of the driver or conductor, as the case may be, requiring him, if it is in his power so to do, to produce the driver or conductor at the hearing of the case.
           (2) Where proceedings are instituted under this Act, it shall be lawful for the court to issue a summons directed to the owner of the animal requiring him to produce either at, or at any time before, the hearing of the case, as may be stated in the summons, the animal for the inspection of the court, if such production is possible without cruelty.
           (3) Where a summons is issued under either of the foregoing subsections of this section, and the owner or employer, as the case may be, fails to comply therewith without satisfactory excuse, he shall be liable upon summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five pounds for the first occasion, and not exceeding ten pounds for the second or any subsequent occasion, on which he so fails, and may be required to pay the costs of any adjournment rendered necessary by his failure.
Appeals      14.- (1) An appeal shall lie from any conviction or order (other than an order for the destruction of an animal) by a court of summary jurisdiction under this Act to quarter sessions.
42 & 43 Vict. c.49            (2) Where there is an appeal by the owner of an animal from any conviction or order by a court of summary jurisdiction under this Act, the court may direct that the recognisance required to be entered into under subsection (3) of section thirty-one, which relates to procedure on appeal to general or quarter sessions, of the Summary Jurisdiction Act, 1879, shall include an undertaking not to sell or part with the animal until the appeal is determined or abandoned, and to produce it on the hearing of the appeal if such production is possible without cruelty.

      15.
- In this Act, except the context otherwise requires, or it is otherwise expressly provided –
(a) the expression "animal" means any domestic or captive animal;
(b) the expression " domestic animal" means any horse, ass, mule, bull, sheep, pig, goat, dog, cat, or fowl, or any other animal of whatsoever kind or species, and whether a quadruped or not which is tame or which has been or is being sufficiently tamed to serve some purpose for the use of man;
(c) the expression "captive animal" means any animal (not being a domestic animal) of whatsoever kind or species, and whether a quadruped or not, including any bird, fish, or reptile, which is in captivity, or confinement, or which is maimed, pinioned, or subjected to any, appliance or contrivance for the purpose of hindering or preventing its escape from captivity or confinement;
(d) the expression, " horse " includes any mare, gelding pony, foal, colt, filly, or stallion; and the expression " bull " includes any cow, bullock, heifer, calf, steer, or ox, and the expression " sheep" includes any lamb, ewe, or ram; and the expression " pig" includes any boar, hog, or sow; and the expression " goat " includes a kid; and the expression "dog" includes any bitch, sapling, or puppy; and the expression " cat " includes a kitten; and the expression " fowl " includes any cock, hen, chicken, capon, turkey, goose, gander, duck, drake, guinea-fowl, peacock, peahen, swan, or pigeon;
(e) the expression "knacker" means a person whose trade or business it is to kill any cattle not killed, for the purpose of the flesh being used as butcher’s meat, and the expression "knacker’s yard " means any building or place used for the purpose, or partly for the purpose, of such trade or business, and the expression " cattle" includes any horse, ass, ’mule, bull, sheep, goat, or pig;
(f) The expression "pound," used in relation to, the impounding or confining of animals, includes any receptacle of a like nature
.
Extent of Act.      16.- This Act shall not apply to Scotland.
Application to Ireland      17.- This Act in its application to Ireland shall be subject to the following modifications, namely
14 & 15 Vict. c.92. (1) –(a) Section twenty-three of the Summary Jurisdiction (Ireland) Act, 1851 (which gives a right of appeal), shall apply as respects any conviction or order under this Act (other than an order for the destruction of an animal), notwithstanding that the fine imposed does not exceed twenty shillings or that the term of imprisonment imposed does not exceed one month;
14 & 15 Vict. c.93 (b) A reference to section twenty-four of the Petty Sessions (Ireland) Act, 1851, shall be substituted for the reference to subsection (3) of section thirty-one of the Summary Jurisdiction Act, 1879,
           (2) Nothing in section eight of this Act shall prevent owners or occupiers of land in Ireland from laying or causing to be laid any poison or poisonous matter as therein described, after a notice has been posted in a conspicuous place, and notice in writing has been given to the nearest constabulary station.
Repeals       18.- Except so far as applying to Scotland, the enactments mentioned in the Second Schedule to this Act are repealed to the extent mentioned in the third column of that schedule.
Commencement, saving for pending proceedings, and short title.       19.- (1) This Act shall come into operation on the first day of January nineteen hundred and twelve.
           (2) This Act shall not apply where proceedings have been instituted before the commencement of this Act.
           (3) This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals Act, 1911.



Schedules
First Schedule
           1. The name of the knacker, together with the word " knacker," shall be painted or affixed in a conspicuous manner over the door or gate of the knacker’s yard.
           2. The hair shall be cut from the neck of any horse, ass, or mule directly the animal has been delivered to the knacker.
           3. All animals shall be slaughtered, with as little suffering as possible, within two days from the time they have been delivered to the knacker. Any animal which is in pain shall be so slaughtered without delay.

           4. All animals shall be properly fed and watered after they have been delivered to the knacker.

           5. No animal shall be used or employed for any work after it has been delivered to the knacker.
           6. The knacker shall enter in a book kept for the purpose such a full and correct description of the colour, marks, and gender of every animal delivered to him as may clearly distinguish and identify the same, and the name and address of the owner thereof, and the book shall be produced by him before any justice of the peace upon the requirement of such justice, and the knacker shall allow such book to be inspected and extracts to be made therefrom at all reasonable times by any police constable or by any other person authorised by a justice of the peace.
           7. No person who is under the age of sixteen years shall be admitted to, or permitted to remain in, the knacker’s yard during the process of slaughtering or of cutting up the carcass of any animal.
           8. No animal shall be killed in the sight of any other animal awaiting slaughter.
           9. The knacker shall not sell or part with alive, or cause or procure or permit any person to sell or part with alive, any animal which has been delivered to him.




Second  Schedule
Enactments Repealed
Session and Chapter
Short title
Extent of repeal

26 Geo.3 c.71

The Knackers Act, 1786  -        -

Section four.

7 & 8 Vict. c.87.

The Knackers Act, 1844  -        -

Section three.

12 & 13 Vict. c.92.

The Cruelty to Animals Act, 1849.

The whole Act, so far as not already repealed.

17 & 18 Vict. c.60.

The Cruelty to Animals Act, 1854.

The whole Act.

26 & 27 Vict. c.113.

The Poisoned Grain Prohibition Act, 1863.

The whole Act

27 & 28 Vict. c.115.

The Poisoned Flesh Prohibition Act, 1864.

The whole Act

39 & 40 Vict. c.13.

The Drugging of Animals Act. 1876.

The whole Act

63 & 64 Vict. c.33.

The Wild Animals in Captivity Protection Act, 1900.

The whole Act

7 Edw. 7 c.5.

The Injured Animals Act, 1907
.

The whole Act



Chapter 17.

An Act to amend the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, in respect of its Imprisonment Penalty.
[13th December 1912.]
Be it enacted by the King’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
Diminution of penalty. 1 & 2 Geo. 5. c.27. s1(1).       1.- Subsection (1) of section one of the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, shall be amended by substituting the word "three " for the word "six."
Short title.       2.- This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals Act (1911) Amendment Act, 1912.



Chapter 14.

An act to amend the Protection of Animals Act, 1911.
[1st July 1921.]
Be it enacted by the King’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and. Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same as follows: –
Amendment of Protection of Animals Act, 1911.
1 & 2 Geo. 5.
c. 27. s. 1,
subs. 3(b).
      1.- The first section of the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, subsection (3), paragraph (b), shall be amended by the addition thereto of the following words: –
"and a captive animal shall not be deemed to he coursed or hunted within the meaning of this sub-section if it is coursed or hunted in an enclosed space from which it has no reasonable chance of escape"
Short title.       2.- This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals Act (1911) Amendment Act, 1921.



Chapter 27.

An act to amend the Protection of Animals Act, 1911.
[22nd December 1927.]
Be it enacted by the King’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and. Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same as follows: –
Poisoned grain and flesh, &c.
1 & 2 Geo. 5. c. 27.
      1.- For the proviso of section eight of the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, there shall be substituted the following proviso, that is to say:-
Provided that, in any proceedings under paragraph (b) of this section, it shall be a defence that the poison was placed by the accused for the purpose of destroying insects and other invertebrates, rats, mice, or other small ground vermin, where such is found to be necessary in the interests of public health, agriculture, or the preservation of other animals, domestic or wild, or for the purpose of manuring the land, and that he took all reasonable precautions to prevent injury thereby to dogs, cats, fowls, or other domestic animals and wild birds.
Short title.       2.- (1) This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act, 1927, and shall be construed as one with the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, and that Act and this Act may be cited together as the Protection of Animals Acts, 1911 to 1927.
         (2) This Act shall not apply to Northern Ireland.



Chapter 21.

An Act to provide futher protection to certain animals.
[17th May 1934.]
Be it enacted by the Kings’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:- 
 
Prohibition of certain public contest, performances, and exhibition with animals.       1.-(1) No person shall promote, or cause or knowingly permit to take place any public performance which includes any episode consisting of or involving-
(a) throwing or casting, with ropes or other appliances, any unbroken horse or untrained bull; or
(b) wrestling, fighting, or struggling with any untrained buill; or
(c) riding, or attempting to ride, anty horse or bull which by the use of any appliance or treatment involving cruelty is, or has been, stimulated with the intention of making it buck during the performance;
and no person shall in any public performance take part in any such episode as aforesaid.
      (2) For the purposes of proceedings under paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) of the preceding subsection, if an animal appear or is represented to spectators to be unbroken or untrained it shall lie on the defendant to prove that the animal is in fact broken or trained.
      In proceedings under paragraph (c) of the said subsection in respect of the use of any such appliance or treatment as is therein mentioned upon a horse before or during a performance, it shall be a defence for the defendant to prove that he did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know, that the appliance or treatment was to be or was used.
      (3) In this section-
1 & 2 Geo.5. c.27.      the expressions "horse," and "bull" have, respectively, the same meanings as in the Protection of Animals Act, 1911;
     the expression "public performance" does not include a performance presented to the public by means of the cinematograph.
      (4) In the application of this section to Scotland-
2 & 3 Geo.5 c.14.       the expression "horse" has the same meaning as in the Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act 1912; and
      the expression "bull" means ox as defined in that Act.
Penalties.       2. If any person contravenes any of the provisions of the foregoing section, he shall be liable upon summary convition to a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds or, alternatively, or in addition thereto, to be imprisoned for any term not exceeding three months.
Short title and extent.       3.-(1) This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals Act, 1934.
      (2) This Act shall not extend to Northern Ireland.



Chapter 40
An Act to extend the powers of the courts to disqualify for having custody of animals persons convicted of cruelty to them and to increase the maximum fine for offences of cruelty to animals; and for purposes connected therewith.
[5th July, 1954]
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows: –
Power to disqualify persons convicted of cruelty to animals
1 & 2 Geo.5. c.27
2 & 3 Geo.5 c.14.
      1.-(1) Where a person who has been convicted under the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, or the Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act, 1912, of an offence of cruelty to any animal is subsequently convicted under either of those Acts of such an offence, the court by which he is convicted on the subsequent occasion may, if it thinks fit, in addition to or in substitution for any other punishment, order him to be disqualified, for such period as it thinks fit, for having custody of any animal or any animal of a kind specified in the order.
        (2) A court which has ordered the disqualification of a person in pursuance of this section may, if it thinks fit, suspend the operation of the order –
(a) for such period as the court thinks necessary for enabling arrangements to be made for the custody of any animal or animals to which the disqualification relates; or
(b) pending an appeal.
       (3) A person who is disqualified by virtue of an order under this section may, at any time after the expiration of twelve months from the date of the order, and from time to time apply to the court by which the order was made to remove the disqualification and on any such application the court may, as it thinks proper having regard to the character of the applicant and his conduct subsequent to the order, the nature of the offence of which he was convicted, and any other circumstances of the case, either-
(a) direct that, as from such date as may be specified in the direction, the disqualification be removed or the order be so varied as to apply only to animals of a kind specified in the direction; or
(b) refuse the application:
       Provided that where on an application under this section the court directs the variation of the order or refuses the application, a further application thereunder shall not be entertained if made within twelve months after the date of the direction or, as the case may be, the refusal.
Breach of disqualification order.        2.- If a person has custody of any animal in contravention Of an order made under this Act, he shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds or to imprisonment for. a term not exceeding three months or to both such fine and imprisonment.
Increase in amount of fines under certain provisions of Protection of Animals Acts.
23 & 24 Geo.5 c.17
24 & 25 Geo.5. c.25.
      3.- The maximum amount of the fine which may be imposed or a person convicted of an offence under any of the following enactments, that is to say, subsection (1) of section one of the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, subsection (1) of section one of the Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act, 1912, subsection (4) of section one of the Protection of Animals (Cruelty to Dogs) Act, 1933, and subsection (4) of section one of the Protection of Animals (Cruelty to Dogs) (Scotland) Act, 1934 (being respectively enactments which penalise certain offences of cruelty to animals and enactments which prohibit a person from keeping a dog or, applying for or obtaining a dog licence while disqualified by an order of the court), shall, in the case of a person so convicted after the commencement of this Act, be increased from twenty-five pounds to fifty pounds.
Interpretations, citation, extent and commencement.      4.- (1) In this Act –
(a)  expressions used have, in relation to England and Wales, the same meanings as in the Protection of Animals Act, 1911, and, in relation to Scotland, the same meanings as in the Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act, 1912; and
(b) references to any enactment shall be construed as references to that enactment as amended by any other enactment, including this Act.
      (2) This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act, 1954.
      (3) This Act shall not extend to Northern Ireland.
      (4) This Act shall come into operation on the first day of January, nineteen hundred and fifty-five.



Chapter 35
An Act to amend the Protection of Animals Act 1911 to increase the penalties for offences against animals under section 1(1).
[15th May 1987]
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows: –
Amendment of
Protection of
Animals Act.
1911 c.27.
      1.- (1) In section 1(1) of the Protection of Animals Act 1911 (offences of cruelty to animals), for the words from "shall be liable" onwards substitute "shall be liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or both".
      (2) The above amendment does not apply in relation to offences committed before the commencement of this Act.
Short title,repeals,
commencement
and extent.
     2.- (1) This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals (Penalties) Act 1987.
     (2) The following enactments are repealed –
1912 c.17.
(a) the Protection of Animals Act (1911) Amendment Act 1912;
(b) in Schedule 6 to the Criminal Law Act 1977, the entry relating to the Protection of Animals Act 1911.
1977 c.45.
      (3) This Act shall come into force at the end of the period of two months beginning with the day on which it is passed.
      (4) This Act does not extend to Scotland or Northern Ireland.



Chapter 29.
Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1988
An Act to enable a court to disqualify a person for having custody of an animal on a first conviction of cruelty; and to increase the penalties for offences relating to animal fights, and to make further provision with respect to attendance at such fights, in England and Wales and to penalise attendance at such fights in Scotland. 
[29th July 1988]
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows: –
Disqualification orders on first conviction of cruelty.
1954 c. 40.
      1.- (1) In section 1(1) of the Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1954 (power of court to disqualify a person for having custody of an animal on a subsequent conviction for an offence of cruelty under the Acts for the protection of animals) for the words from the beginning to "the court by whom he is convicted on the subsequent occasion may" there shall be substituted the words "Where a person has been convicted under the Protection of Animals Act 1911 or the Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act 1912 of an offence of cruelty to any animal the court by which he is convicted may".
      (2) This section does not affect the powers of a court on a conviction for an offence committed before the coming into force of this Act.
Offences relating to animal fights.
1839 c.47
1839 c. xciv
1847 c. 89
      2.-1) In section 47 of the Metropolitan Police Act 1839, section 31 of the City of London Police Act 1839 and section 36 of the Town Police Clauses Act 1847 (penalties for offences relating to animal fights) for the references to level 1 on the standard scale there shall be substituted references to level 4 on that scale.
1911 c. 27      (2) After section 5 of the Protection of Animals Act 1911 there shall be inserted –
"Attendances at
animal fights.
5A. A person who, without reasonable excuse, is present when animals are placed together for the purpose of their fighting each other shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.
Advertising of
animal fights
5B. If a person who publishes or causes to be published an advertisement for a fight between animals knows that it is such an advertisement he shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale."
1912 c. 14      (3) After section 1 of the Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act 1912 there shall be inserted –
"Offence of being
present at animal fights
1A (1) A person who is present when animals are placed together for the purpose of their fighting each other shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a penalty not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.
(2) It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (1) above to prove that he had a reasonable excuse for being so present.
Offence of
advertising of
animal fights.
1B. If a person who publishes or causes to be published an advertisement for a fight between animals knows that it is such an advertisement he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a penalty not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale."
     (4) Subsection (1) above does not affect the punishment for an offence committed before the coming into force of this Act.
Short title, repeals,commencement and extent.
     3.- (1) This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1988.
     (2) The enactments mentioned in the Schedule to this Act are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.
     (3) Those repeals do not affect the operation of the enactments mentioned in that Schedule in relation to any disqualification order made before the coming into force of this Act under either of the first two Acts there mentioned.
     (4) This Act shall come into force at the end of the period of two months beginning with the day on which it is passed.
     (5) This Act does not extend to Northern Ireland.


Section 3(2) and (3).
Schedule
Repeals
Chapter
Short title
Extent of repeal
23 & 24 Geo.5 c.17 The Protection of Animals (Cruelty to Dogs) Act 1933. The whole Act.
24 & 25 Geo.5 c.25. The Protection of Animals (Cruelty to Dogs) (Scotland) Act 1934. The whole Act.
2 & 3 Eliz.2 c.40. The Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1954. Section 3, so far as unrepealed.
1963 c.43. The Animal Boarding Establishment Act 1963. Section 1(2)(c) and (d).
1964 c.70. The Riding Establishments Act 1964. Section 1(2)(b) and (c).
1973 c.60. The Breeding of Dogs Act 1973. Section 1(2)(c) and (d).



Chapter 31
Protection against Cruel Tethering Act 1988
An Act to protect horses, asses and mules against cruel tethering; and for purposes connected therewith.
[29th July 1988]
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows: –
Offence of cruel tethering
1911 c.27
     1.- In section 1 of the Protection of Animals Act 1911 there shall be added in subsection (1) the following words after paragraph (e) "or
(f) shall tether any horse, ass or mule under such conditions or in such manner as to cause that animal unnecessary suffering;"
Short title and commencement       2.-(1) This Act may be cited as the Protection against Cruel Tethering Act 1988.
      (2) This Act shall come into force at the end of the period of two months beginning with the day on which it is passed.



Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 2000
2000 Chapter 40
An Act to enable provision to be made for the care, disposal or slaughter of animals to which proceedings under section 1 of the Protection of Animals Act 1911 relate; and for connected purposes.
[30th November 2000]
ARRANGEMENT OF CLAUSES
1. Application of Act.
2. Orders for the care, disposal or slaughter of animals.
3. Powers of entry, etc.
4. Other supplementary provisions.

5. Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:-
Application of Act.     1. - (1) Sections 2 to 4 apply where-
    (a)
a person who is mentioned in subsection (3) (referred to in this Act as "the prosecutor") has brought proceedings for an offence under section 1 of the Protection of Animals Act 1911 (referred to in this Act as "the 1911 Act") against the owner of the animals to which the offence relates; and
(b) the proceedings have not been discontinued or otherwise disposed of
           (2) But those sections only apply in relation to an animal which the owner keeps or has kept for commercial purposes.
           (3) The persons referred to in subsection (1) are-
(a)
the Director of Public Prosecutions;
(b)
a Crown Prosecutor;
(c)
a government department;
(d) a local authority;
(e) in relation to a prosecution in England, a person who, at the request of the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, has entered into a written agreement under which he may perform the functions conferred on a prosecutor by virtue of this Act;
(f) in relation to a prosecution in Wales, a person who, at the request of the National Assembly for Wales, has entered into a written agreement under which he may perform the functions conferred on a prosecutor by virtue of this Act.
Orders for the care, disposal or slaughter of animals.     2. - (1) If, on the application of the prosecutor, it appears to the court from evidence given by a veterinary surgeon that it is necessary in the interests of the welfare of the animals in question for the prosecutor to do one or more of the things mentioned in subsection (2), the court may make an order authorising him to do so.
           (2) Those things are-
(a) taking charge of the animals and caring for them, or causing or procuring them to be cared for, on the premises on which they are kept or at some other place;
(b) selling the animals at a fair price;
(c) disposing of the animals otherwise than by way of sale;
(d) slaughtering the animals, or causing or procuring them to be slaughtered.
           (3) In determining what to authorise by the order, the court must have regard to all the circumstances, including the desirability of protecting the owner's interest in the value of the animals and avoiding increasing his costs.
           (4) An order under this section ceases to have effect on the discontinuance or other disposal of the proceedings under section 1 of the 1911 Act; but this is without prejudice to anything done before, or done in pursuance of a contract entered into before, the order ceases to have effect.
Powers of entry, etc.   3. - (1) Where-
(a) the prosecutor has given notice to the court of his intention to apply for an order under section 2; and
(b) he is of the opinion that the animals need to be marked for identification purposes,
the prosecutor, or a person authorised by him, may enter the premises on which the animals are kept and mark them for those purposes.
           (2) Where an order is made under section 2, the prosecutor, or a person authorised by him, may-
(a) enter the premises on which the animals are kept for the purpose of exercising the powers conferred by the order;
(b) mark the animals (whether by the application of an ear tag or by any other means); and
(c) in the case of an order making any provision mentioned in section 2(2)(a), make use for that purpose of any equipment on the premises.
           (3) Any person who obstructs the prosecutor, or a person authorised by him, in the exercise of powers conferred by subsection (1) or (2) or an order under section 2 is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.
           (4) Nothing in this section authorises a person to enter a dwellinghouse.
           (5) A person entering any premises in the exercise of powers conferred on him by this section must, if so required by the owner or occupier or person in charge of the premises-
(a) produce to him some duly authenticated document showing that he is, or is a person authorised by, the prosecutor; and
(b) state in writing his reasons for entering.
Other supplementary provisions.     4. - (1) Where an order is made under section 2-
(a) the prosecutor is entitled to be reimbursed for any reasonable expenses incurred by him in the exercise of the powers conferred by virtue of the order; and
(b) subject to that, in the case of an order making any provision mentioned in subsection (2)(b), (c) or (d) of that section, the prosecutor must pay to the owner the proceeds of any disposal or slaughter of the animals.
           (2) Any amount for which the prosecutor is entitled to be reimbursed under subsection (1) may be recovered by him from the owner summarily as a civil debt.
           (3) Where-
(a) an order under section 2 makes any provision mentioned in subsection (2)(b), (c) or (d) of that section; and
(b) the owner has in his possession or under his control documents-


(i)without which the animals cannot be slaughtered for human consumption; or


(ii) which are otherwise relevant to the condition or value of the animals,
the owner must, as soon as practicable and in any event within 10 days of the making of the order, deliver those documents to the prosecutor.
           (4) If the owner without reasonable excuse fails to deliver any documents as required by subsection (3), he is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.
           (5) The prosecutor may, if the owner fails to deliver as required by subsection (3) any documents within paragraph (b)(i), apply to the person by whom the documents were issued for replacement documents to be issued and that person must, if he has sufficient information to do so, issue replacement documents to the prosecutor.
           (6) An application under subsection (5) is to be accompanied by-
(a) a copy of the order under section 2; and
(b) such reasonable fee (if any) as is determined by the person to whom the application is made.
           (7) In this section, "owner" means the owner against whom the proceedings were brought.
Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent.     5. - (1) This Act may be cited as the Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 2000.
           (2) In this Act-
"the 1911 Act" means the Protection of Animals Act 1911;
"local authority"-
(a) in relation to England, means a county council, a district council, a London borough council, the Common Council of the City of London or the Council of the Isles of Scilly;
(b) in relation to Wales, means a county council or a county borough council;
"prosecutor" has the meaning given by section 1(3);
"veterinary surgeon" means a person registered in the register of veterinary surgeons, or the supplementary veterinary register, kept under the Veterinary Surgeons Act 1966;
and expressions which are used in the 1911 Act have the same meanings as in that Act.
           (3) This Act comes into force at the end of the period of two months beginning with the day on which it is passed.
           (4) This Act extends to England and Wales only.

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